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Create a “black box” test case

This transcript shows aider creating a black box test case, without being given access to the source code of the function being tested or any of the other code in the repo.

Instead, aider is operating entirely off a high level map of the repository based on ctags, which provides details on all the symbols and function signatures in the repo. Using only the meta-data in the map, the LLM is able to figure out how to call the method to be tested, as well as how to instantiate multiple class objects that are required to prepare for the test.

In detail, aider is able to use the repo map to:

The cmd_add() method is defined without type annotations, so aider makes a reasonable but incorrect guess that it accepts a list of files. The user invokes the /run command to run the new unit test, which throws an error based on this misunderstanding.

The LLM reviews the error message and fixes the call to cmd_add() to correctly pass a str with a space-separated list of filenames instead. The test then passes on the next /run.

$ aider tests/test_commands.py
Creating empty file tests/test_commands.py
Added tests/test_commands.py to the chat
Files not tracked in .git:

  • tests/test_commands.py

Add them? y
Added tests/test_commands.py to the git repo
Commit b9cea2c Added new files to the git repo: tests/test_commands.py
Using git repo: .git

add a test for cmd_add that passes in ‘foo.txt’ and ‘bar.txt’ and ensures they have both been created after the test. run the test in a tmp dir.

I will add a new test method called test_cmd_add in the tests/test_commands.py file. This test will create a temporary directory, change the current working directory to the temporary directory, and then call the cmd_add method with ‘foo.txt’ and ‘bar.txt’ as arguments. After that, it will check if both files have been created in the temporary directory.

Here’s the code change:

tests/test_commands.py
<<<<<<< ORIGINAL
=======
import os
import tempfile
from unittest import TestCase
from unittest.mock import MagicMock
from aider.commands import Commands
from aider.io import InputOutput

class TestCommands(TestCase):
    def test_cmd_add(self):
        # Create a temporary directory and change the current working directory
        with tempfile.TemporaryDirectory() as tmpdir:
            os.chdir(tmpdir)

            # Initialize the Commands and InputOutput objects
            io = InputOutput(pretty=False, yes=True)
            coder = MagicMock()
            commands = Commands(io, coder)

            # Call the cmd_add method with 'foo.txt' and 'bar.txt'
            commands.cmd_add(["foo.txt", "bar.txt"])

            # Check if both files have been created in the temporary directory
            self.assertTrue(os.path.exists("foo.txt"))
            self.assertTrue(os.path.exists("bar.txt"))
>>>>>>> UPDATED

This test will ensure that the cmd_add method creates the specified files in the current working directory.

Applied edit to tests/test_commands.py
Commit e2d5212 aider: Added a test method test_cmd_add that creates a temporary directory, calls the cmd_add method with ‘foo.txt’ and ‘bar.txt’, and checks if both files have been created in the temporary directory.

/run pytest tests/test_commands.py

============================= test session starts ==============================  
platform darwin -- Python 3.11.3, pytest-7.3.1, pluggy-1.0.0  
rootdir: /Users/gauthier/Projects/aider  
collected 1 item  
  
tests/test_commands.py F                                                 [100%]  
  
=================================== FAILURES ===================================  
__________________________ TestCommands.test_cmd_add ___________________________  
  
self = <tests.test_commands.TestCommands testMethod=test_cmd_add>  
  
    def test_cmd_add(self):  
        # Create a temporary directory and change the current working directory  
        with tempfile.TemporaryDirectory() as tmpdir:  
            os.chdir(tmpdir)  
  
            # Initialize the Commands and InputOutput objects  
            io = InputOutput(pretty=False, yes=True)  
            coder = MagicMock()  
            commands = Commands(io, coder)  
  
            # Call the cmd_add method with 'foo.txt' and 'bar.txt'  
>           commands.cmd_add(["foo.txt", "bar.txt"])  
  
/Users/gauthier/Projects/aider/tests/test_commands.py:20:  
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  
  
self = <aider.commands.Commands object at 0x10b412b50>  
args = ['foo.txt', 'bar.txt']  
  
    def cmd_add(self, args):  
        "Add matching files to the chat session"  
  
        added_fnames = []  
        files = self.coder.get_all_relative_files()  
>       for word in args.split():  
E       AttributeError: 'list' object has no attribute 'split'  
  
/Users/gauthier/Projects/aider/aider/commands.py:161: AttributeError  
=========================== short test summary info ============================  
FAILED tests/test_commands.py::TestCommands::test_cmd_add - AttributeError: '...  
============================== 1 failed in 0.34s ===============================  

Add the output to the chat? [y/n] (y): y

It seems that the cmd_add method in aider/commands.py is expecting a string as input, but in the test, we are passing a list. I will update the test to pass a string instead of a list.

Here’s the code change:

tests/test_commands.py
<<<<<<< ORIGINAL
            # Call the cmd_add method with 'foo.txt' and 'bar.txt'
            commands.cmd_add(["foo.txt", "bar.txt"])
=======
            # Call the cmd_add method with 'foo.txt' and 'bar.txt' as a single string
            commands.cmd_add("foo.txt bar.txt")
>>>>>>> UPDATED

Now, run the test again with the updated test method:

pytest tests/test_commands.py

Applied edit to tests/test_commands.py
Commit d1551b4 aider: Updated test to pass a string instead of a list when calling cmd_add method.

/run pytest tests/test_commands.py

============================= test session starts ==============================  
platform darwin -- Python 3.11.3, pytest-7.3.1, pluggy-1.0.0  
rootdir: /Users/gauthier/Projects/aider  
collected 1 item  
  
tests/test_commands.py .                                                 [100%]  
  
============================== 1 passed in 0.38s ===============================